This is a QI case where the court was asked to overrule the findings of the jury as a matter of law. The extension of the stop was “troubling” but the court said the jury could find the way they did and they couldn’t overturn it as a matter of law.

The court furthermore found that a jury could determine the PC has not dissipated when the K9 alerted on the exterior but did not alert while in the car.

As with many Qualified Immunity issues in civil suit cases for Fourth Amendment violations, this is not a good case for learning points on extended traffic stops or K9 sniffs establishing probable cause.

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