Cases

Clark v. Clark 8thCIR 13JUN2019

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A principal of a school calls 911 and reports gunshots coming from the direction of nearby woods. Two deputies arrive at a rest area 150 yards from the school to find a person there (Clark) talking on his phone.  Clark voluntarily gave the officers his driver’s license, retired military ID, and concealed carry permit. When […]

Cases

United States v De Castro 3rdCIR 3OCT2018

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In this case, a police officer approached someone he suspected was involved in criminal activity and from a distance of 5 to 10 feet away, he asked the person if he would remove his hands from his pockets in a “polite, conversational, and non-threatening tone.”  The person in this situation was De Castro, and when […]

Cases

United States v. Lozano 8thCIR 26FEB2019

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A suspicious activity report is called in, stating that “two black males” are walking around an apartment complex at 0118. An officer responded and parked his car 15-20 feet behind two males he sees in the parking lot. One is a Hispanic male and the other is a juvenile black male.  The officer approached the […]